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Mahjong Rules

Ready Hands and Draws

Ready Hands
If you have a hand that is only one tile short of making a winning combination then you are said to have a ready hand.

The player holding a ready hand is said to be waiting for a specific tile, it's often the case that you will be waiting for more than one tile, normally 2 or 3, to make that winning hand.

In some variations of Mahjong, you can delcare riichi. Declaring riichi to the other players is a promise that any tile drawn by the player will be discarded straight away unless it makes the final winning hand.

A player who declares riichi and wins usually receives a points bonus. A player declaring and loses is normally penalised in the same way. This feature is most common in the Japanese rules of mahjong.

If only the dead wall is remaining and yet there are still no winners, then the round is classed as a draw, often termed goulashed." A new round then begins.

Abortive Draws
In Japanese Mahjong, draws where the round is closed as a draw but where there are tiles still available is known as an Abortive Draw. Abortive Draws can happen where :

• If, on a player's first turn, a player has nine different terminal or honor tiles and no melds have been declared.

• If three players claim the same discarded tile in order to win the round.

• If, on the first turn without any meld declarations being made, all of the players discarded the same wind tile.

• If all four players declare riichi (see above for description) then the round is drawn.

• The round also drawn when the fourth kong is declared unless all 4 were by a single players. In this instance the round is drawn when another player declares a kong.

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